commit 24b85170ea61cdb2da083ca5442b7298e35c2ea2 parent 01b93a78fd228162508561633eefc35be8d31ab8 Author: Bob Haugen <email@example.com> Date: Wed, 4 Nov 2015 05:55:28 -0600 First draft Diffstat:
1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
diff --git a/use-cases/less-than-truckload-shipping.md b/use-cases/less-than-truckload-shipping.md @@ -0,0 +1,21 @@ +#Less-than-truckload shipping (LTL) + +Excerpted from this [wikipedia article](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Less_than_truckload_shipping). + +> Less than truckload shipping (LTL) is the transportation of relatively small freight. +The alternatives to LTL carriers are parcel carriers or full truckload carriers. +Parcel carriers usually handle small packages and freight that can be broken down into units +less than 150 pounds (68 kg). + +> LTL shipments typically weigh between 151 and 20,000 lb (68 and 9,072 kg). +Less than Truckload carriers use "hub and spoke" operations where small local terminals are the spokes +('end of line') and larger more central terminals are the hubs (also called Distribution Centers or DC's). +Spoke terminals collect local freight from various shippers and consolidate that freight onto enclosed +trailers for transporting to the delivering or hub terminal where the freight will be further sorted and +consolidated for additional transporting (also known as linehauling). +In most cases, the end of line terminals employ local drivers who start the day by loading up their trailers +and heading out to make deliveries first. Then when the trailer is empty they begin making pickups and +return to the terminal for sorting and delivery next day. Because of the efficiency of this order of operations +most deliveries are performed in the morning and pickups are made in the afternoon. + +This is another example where the transportation process is very different from the transfer of ownership.